Discharge Petition #14 Filed by Oscar De Priest Regarding H. Res. 236, a Resolution to Prevent Discrimination, 01/24/1934 - 03/05/1934
Item from Records of the U.S. House of Representatives. (04/01/1789 -)
This resolution and discharge petition from Representative Oscar De Priest, a Republican from Illinois, attempted to end racial discrimination in the House of Representatives’ Restaurant. De Priest introduced H. Res. 236 to the House, which called for the creation of a special committee to investigate the House Restaurant’s refusal to serve two African Americans, one of whom was a member of his staff. When the resolution stalled in the Rules Committee, De Priest successfully used a discharge petition to move the bill out and onto the House floor.
Don’t forget to check out the National Archives’ future exhibition “Making Their Mark: Stories Through Signatures,” opening to the public on March 21, 2014!
225th Anniversary of the First Congress: We’ll be posting documents and stories highlighting the establishment of the new government under the Constitution through March 2016.
As recorded in the first House Journal, only eleven representatives were present on March 4, 1789, the first day of the First Congress under the Constitution. Neither the House nor the Senate had enough members present to attain a quorum, so they adjourned from day to day until they could proceed with official business.
Today kicks off our commemoration of the 225th anniversary of the First Congress. Over the next two years (and in addition to our regular content), we’ll be posting documents and stories highlighting the establishment of the new government under the Constitution.
The U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate met for the first time in New York City on March 4, 1789 in Federal Hall. As representatives and senators arrived at the start of the First Congress under the Constitution, members presented their credentials, also known as certificates of election, to their respective chamber to show they were the person duly elected to represent their home state. Above are the credentials of Senator William Few of Georgia, one of eight senators to arrive at the start of the First Congress.
Credentials of Senator William Few from Georgia, 2/5/1789, Records of the U.S. Senate (NAID 7727164)
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all the territory ceded by Spain to the United States, situated to the eastward of the Perdido, and known by the name of East and West Florida, shall constitute a territory of the United States, under the name of the territory of Florida…
A bill for the establishment of a territorial government in Florida, 03/03/1822
Exactly twenty-three years later on March 3, 1845, Florida would be admitted as the 27th state.
Tumblr Tuesday: Tumblr visits the National Archives!
Earlier this month we were thrilled to welcome Tumblr’s own Liba Rubenstein (libawr), Director of Politics & Causes outreach as a special guest to the Federal Tumblr Working Group Meetup at the National Archives.
These meetups are an opportunity for government agencies on Tumblr to share information, tips, policy questions, best practices, and technical support for working on the platform. We were joined by fellow tumblarians (and future tumblarians?) from 11 other agencies and bureaus in all, including:
- todaysdocument Today’s Document from the National Archives
- usnatarchives from the U.S. National Archives
- congressarchives from the National Archives Center for Legislative Archives
- stopbullying from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services on behalf of the Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention
- usagov from the General Services Administration
- mypubliclands from the Bureau of Land Management
- ourpresidents from the Office of Presidential Libraries
- aotus from the Archivist of the United States
- icontherecord from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence
- archivesofamericanart from the Smithsonian Archives of American Art
- statedept from the U.S. Department of State
- uscenter from the Department of State’s U.S. Center
- exchangealumni from the Department of State International Exchange Alumni
- historyatstate from the Department of State’s Office of the Historian
- fdrlibrary from the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library
- jfklibrary from the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library
- (looking for more? See the #GovTumblr list compiled by mypubliclands.)
Keep reading for some of Liba’s Tumblr tips and her answers to our questions on engagement, metrics, helping users in distress & more »
Congressman Everett M. Dirksen commented on the new National Archives in his February 6, 1937 newsletter to his Illinois constituents, “The Congressional Front.” Noting that “One problem constantly before the Archivist is the matter of economizing on space,” Dirksen explained how a new technology—microfilming—was providing a low-cost solution “that may have big value in the future in commercial work.”
Congressman Dirksen’s papers are available at the Dirksen Congressional Center in Pekin, Illinois.
Innovation at the National Archives in 1937!
It Gets Better
Listen to some of our colleagues, co-workers & friends share their experiences for the It Gets Better Project.
The National Archives is proud to join other federal agencies in support of the “It Gets Better Project.” Our participation in this project represents an opportunity for federal agencies and employees to openly talk about issues, share messages and stories of hope, and provide resources for support.
Thanks to all the NARA staff across the country who shared their stories and supported this project. And remember, it truly does get better.
Read the full post on the AOTUS blog.