On September 6, 2005 President George W. Bush nominated John G. Roberts, Jr. to be Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Roberts was confirmed as Chief Justice by the U.S. Senate on September 29 by a 78 to 22 vote.
Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr, 9/6/2005, Records of the U.S. Senate (ARC 6704655)
This political cartoon by Clifford K. Berryman depicts William Howard Taft being enticed to run for the Presidency. While serving as Secretary of War, Taft had told President Theodore Roosevelt that his highest ambition was to serve as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, but Roosevelt wanted him to run in the 1908 election as his successor. With Roosevelt’s encouragement, Taft began to consider running. In this cartoon Taft blocks the buzz of a potential Supreme Court nomination to better hear the enticing buzz of the Presidential bee. Berryman speculates that Taft may be succumbing to Roosevelt’s wishes and is “not afraid” of running for President.
Not Afraid by Clifford K. Berryman, 8/9/1905, U.S. Senate Collection (ARC 1693338)
President George Washington sent the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Jay, to London in order to negotiate a treaty to settle open disputes with Great Britain in 1794. On June 8, 1795 the President sent the above transmittal letter enclosing the Jay Treaty to the U.S. Senate for their advice and consent. Although it was highly contested, the Senate approved the Jay Treaty on June 24, 1795.
Transmittal letter from George Washington, 6/8/1795, Records of the U.S. Senate
On March 3, 1796, the U.S. Senate received this nomination message from President George Washington. Washington was nominating Oliver Ellsworth to be Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. The Senate confirmed Ellsworth’s nomination on March 4 by at 21 to 1 vote.
Nomination of Oliver Ellsworth, 3/3/1796, Records of the U.S. Senate (ARC 306285)