On September 6, 2005 President George W. Bush nominated John G. Roberts, Jr. to be Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Roberts was confirmed as Chief Justice by the U.S. Senate on September 29 by a 78 to 22 vote.
Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr, 9/6/2005, Records of the U.S. Senate (ARC 6704655)
This political cartoon by Clifford K. Berryman depicts William Howard Taft being enticed to run for the Presidency. While serving as Secretary of War, Taft had told President Theodore Roosevelt that his highest ambition was to serve as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, but Roosevelt wanted him to run in the 1908 election as his successor. With Roosevelt’s encouragement, Taft began to consider running. In this cartoon Taft blocks the buzz of a potential Supreme Court nomination to better hear the enticing buzz of the Presidential bee. Berryman speculates that Taft may be succumbing to Roosevelt’s wishes and is “not afraid” of running for President.
Not Afraid by Clifford K. Berryman, 8/9/1905, U.S. Senate Collection (ARC 1693338)
President George Washington sent the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Jay, to London in order to negotiate a treaty to settle open disputes with Great Britain in 1794. On June 8, 1795 the President sent the above transmittal letter enclosing the Jay Treaty to the U.S. Senate for their advice and consent. Although it was highly contested, the Senate approved the Jay Treaty on June 24, 1795.
Transmittal letter from George Washington, 6/8/1795, Records of the U.S. Senate
Ruth Bader Ginsburg was nominated as an Associate Justice to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Bill Clinton on June 22, 1993. The Senate confirmed Ginsburg’s nomination on August 3 by a vote of 96-3. She was sworn in on August 10.
Nomination message from President William Clinton, 6/22/1993, Records of the U.S. Senate
Forty-five years ago today, Thurgood Marshall was nominated to the Supreme Court:
Message of President Lyndon B. Johnson nominating Thurgood Marshall of New York to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, 06/13/1967
Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court by the Senate on August 30, 1967, following his nomination by President Lyndon B. Johnson on June 13. Marshall was the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court. His nomination followed a long and distinguished career as a prominent civil rights lawyer, and he argued more than 30 cases before the Supreme Court, including the famous and influential case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
On March 25, 1846 the Senate Committee on Audit and Control of Contingent Expenses submitted a report to the Senate on renovations and proposed improvements to the U.S. Capitol. The three drawings shown above accompanied the report to illustrate the changes proposed, including additional galleries, a new Supreme Court chamber, and a new library. Construction on the expansion began in 1851. The new House chamber was completed in 1857, and the new Senate chamber was completed in 1859.
Plans for the improvement of the U.S. Capitol, 3/25/1846, Records of the U.S. Senate (ARC 306182)
On March 3, 1796, the U.S. Senate received this nomination message from President George Washington. Washington was nominating Oliver Ellsworth to be Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. The Senate confirmed Ellsworth’s nomination on March 4 by at 21 to 1 vote.
Nomination of Oliver Ellsworth, 3/3/1796, Records of the U.S. Senate (ARC 306285)