“This is my day to be heard”
-the “Silent Voter”
Three nervous Presidential candidates peer over the shoulder of a character representing the silent voter, wondering how he will mark his ballot on Election Day, 1904. President Theodore Roosevelt is the Republican incumbent, opposed by Judge Alton B. Parker, the Democratic candidate and Thomas Edward Watson of the People’s Party.
By the election of 1800, the nation’s first two parties were beginning to take shape. The Presidential race was hotly contested between the Federalist President, John Adams, and the Democratic-Republican candidate, Thomas Jefferson. Because the Constitution did not distinguish between President and Vice-President in the votes cast by each state’s electors in the Electoral College, both Jefferson and his running mate Aaron Burr received 73 votes.
According to the Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution, if two candidates each received a majority of the electoral votes but are tied, the House of Representatives would determine which one would be President. Therefore, the decision rested with the lame duck, Federalist-controlled House of Representatives. Thirty-five ballots were cast over five days but neither candidate received a majority. Many Federalists saw Jefferson as their principal foe, whose election was to be avoided at all costs. But Alexander Hamilton, a well-respected Federalist party leader, hated Burr and advised Federalists in Congress that Jefferson was the safer choice. Finally, on February 17, 1801, on the thirty-sixth ballot, the House elected Thomas Jefferson to be President.
The tie vote between Jefferson and Burr in the 1801 Electoral College pointed out problems with the electoral system. The framers of the Constitution had not anticipated such a tie nor had they considered the possibility of the election of a President or Vice President from opposing factions - which had been the case in the 1796 election. In 1804, the passage of the 12th Amendment corrected these problems by providing for separate Electoral College votes for President and Vice President.
For more information about the Electoral College, please visit the Federal Register’s U.S. Electoral College webpage.
Electoral vote tally, 2/1/1801, Records of the U.S. Senate
Ambitious Home Run Hitters, 08/03/1920
On September 30, 1927 New York Yankee Babe Ruth became the first baseball player in the major leagues to hit 60 home runs in a season. Years earlier in 1920, Clifford Berryman’s political cartoon featured Presidential candidates Warren G. Harding and James M. Cox pondering Ruth’s secret of success. Harding hit a “home run” in the November elections and beat Cox by a landslide.
From our Senate Collection of Clifford Berryman political cartoons!
Ambitious Home Run Hitters, 8/3/1920, U.S. Senate Collection (ARC 1691371)